With a new Congress sworn in in January, Washington has seen a power shift and leadership changes that will shape the immigration debate in the coming year. The Republican-led House of Representatives will focus on immigration oversight and challenges at the border; however, policy changes will continue to come primarily from the executive branch. The focus of executive agencies will be not only the border but also high-skilled immigration programs such as the H-1B program. The judicial branch, meanwhile, will continue to play its role in reviewing the legality of immigration policy changes, including a high-profile enforcement case that could have far-reaching implications.

Read BAL’s full report on the 2023 U.S. immigration landscape here.